On average, we consume large amounts of sugar every day, which affects metabolism and brings about all manner of diseases. Essentially, sugar contains no vital nutrients, no enzymes, and no healthy fats but contain a lot of calories.
Basically, sugar exists in many forms but glucose and fructose contained in different foods we consume daily. Glucose is the most important simple sugar in human metabolism and it’s helpful in many ways.
Globally, sugar has been responsible for millions of deaths every year. It’s fact that sugar-related diseases also commonly known as lifestyle diseases have been on a steady rise. These diseases include diabetes, heart disease, obesity and hypertension. Others are Alzheimer’s disease, breast, endometrial, and colon cancers among other. It’s the high time sugar too was declared a global disaster because it’s as addictive as hard drugs. When consumed in large quantities, sugar simply becomes another deadly “poison” to our bodies.
Indeed, there are many processes involved once we consume glucose, but one particular process that occurs in the liver produces very low-density lipoprotein, which causes many problems such as the cardiovascular disease, hypertension and high blood pressure.
Normally, excess sugar in the form of glycogen normally stores in the liver. When storage capacity is overburdened, excess glycogen changes into fatty acids and directed to inactive body parts including thighs, buttocks, stomach and breasts for safe keeping. But not all fat vacates the liver and it can accumulate to dangerous levels, leading to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
When eaten daily, sugar is bad for the teeth, as it provides easily digestible energy for the bad bacteria in the mouth. These bacteria are responsible for teeth decay and gum diseases.
Refined sugar and unhealthy levels of blood fats is one fatal combination. Additionally, daily consumption of refined sugar causes higher triglycerides and low cholesterol levels, which greatly increases chances of heart disease.
When sugar is consumed in excess, there is the danger of being overweight or obese. This is because sugar contains empty calories and lacks fiber that makes us feel satisfied when consumed.
When consumed on a daily basis, refined sugar in the form of candy, sweet cake and chocolate can become quite addictive. This is because when you eat say a chocolate bar, it releases huge doses of dopamine—brain chemical responsible for our pleasure or happiness – in the reward centre of the brain. Unfortunately, you continually crave for more because the food doesn’t have fiber to make you feel satisfied.
The tragedy here is that these foods contain loads of calories that are eventually converted into fat. Some research has shown that sugar dependence could lead to certain withdrawal symptoms similar to those of a drug addict.
When consumed in excess and on a regular basis, sugar can cause the body to become insulin resistance. Insulin is a vital body hormone that helps control sugar in our blood. Essentially, insulin allows blood sugar to enter cells from the bloodstream and informs the cells to start burning glucose instead of fat. Excess glucose in the blood can be toxic and lead to complications of diabetes control.